Readers ask: Who Is The Sculptor Responsible For The Tympanum At Saint Lazare?

Who is the artist of the last Judgement tympanum from the Cathedral of Saint-Lazare?

The west tympanum and portal of the cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, France, depicting the Last Judgment, carved by Gislebertus before 1135. In Romanesque architecture, the tympanum constitutes the area between the lintel over a doorway and the arch above.

Who made the last Judgement tympanum?

Last Judgment Tympanum, Central Portal on West facade of the Cathedral of St. Lazare, Autun, c. 1130-46. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.

Whose relics are in the church of Saint-Lazare in Autun?

Autun Cathedral was built as a great pilgrimage church (not originally a cathedral) to hold the relics of Lazarus, which were discovered in Autun in the early 12th century. Lazarus was the brother of Mary Magdalene and the man whom Jesus raised from the dead (John 11:38-44).

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What was the Cathedral of St Lazare Autun known for?

Famous for its Cluniac inspiration and its Romanesque sculptures by Gislebertus it is a highlight in Romanesque art in Burgundy and it is the seat of the Bishop of Autun.

What is the distinctive characteristics of the last Judgement?

The Last Judgment (Italian: Il Giudizio Universale) is a fresco by the Italian Renaissance painter Michelangelo covering the whole altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City. It is a depiction of the Second Coming of Christ and the final and eternal judgment by God of all humanity.

Where is the last Judgement tympanum located?

The last piece examined is The Last Judgement Tympanum located in a portal on the West Façade of the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, France (University of Michigan)[1]. This Gothic sculpture stone was created between 1220-1240 (University of Michigan) [2].

What was the purpose of Romanesque tympanum sculpture?

Answer. Explanation: In Romanesque architecture, the tympanum constitutes the area between the lintel over a doorway and the arch above. During the 11th and 12th centuries in Europe, tympana over church portals were decorated with intricate and stylized relief sculpture.

What is tympanum made of?

The tympanum is divided into two portions, the pars tensa and the pars flaccida. The majority of the tympanic membrane is made up of the pars tensa, which is a very thin, translucent, and taut membrane that bulges convexly into the tympanic cavity (see Fig.

Why is Romanesque architectural sculpture most commonly found on church portals?

Some Romanesque churches feature an extensive sculptural scheme which covers the area surrounding the portal and sometimes much of the facade. The sculptural schemes were designed to convey the message that Christian believers should recognize wrongdoing, repent, and be redeemed.

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What were the most highly valued works of art during the Romanesque period?

If anything the most highly valued works of art during the Romanesque period were objects of metalwork made from precious metals that were frequently produced to house relics (characteristically the body part of a saint, or— in the case of Christ who, the faithful believe ascended to heaven—objects associated with him

Why are the bodies of the damned in the Last Judgment tympanum?

Why are the bodies of the damned in the Last Judgment tympanum from the Cathedral of Saint-Lazare so graphically grotesque? To give a strong warning to viewers that they should live a virtuous life.

What are relics and reliquaries?

Relic derives from the Latin reliquiae, meaning “remains”, and a form of the Latin verb relinquere, to “leave behind, or abandon”. A reliquary is a shrine that houses one or more religious relics.

What are the main features of Romanesque pilgrimage churches?

Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing

What cathedral is one of the most famous tympanum located on?

Lazare, Autun (France)

Which of the following are typical of Romanesque architecture?

Combining features of Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture exhibits massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy piers, groin vaults, large towers, and symmetrical plans. The art of the period was characterized by a vigorous style in both painting and sculpture.

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